The translation of policy to the ground is through catchment management planning. A Catchment Management Plan (CMP; also called Watershed Management Plan) is compiled based on the specific characteristics – e.g. environmental (including but not limited to hydrological -surface and groundwater, environment characteristics), social, economic, political, traditional/cultural aspects of a catchment. Each catchment is different – it has different boundaries, different communities, different issues, different strengths, different demands and different growth projections, therefore individualized catchment management plans are necessary. Water resources management and planning takes place at a variety of hydrological scales and administrative levels. Demonstration projects include hydrological scales of multi-national transboundary river basin, and water resources management scale and down to local-scale catchment specific scale; at administrative scale includes national, regional, provincial and local government scales. Catchment Planning is not limited to water planning (surface and/or groundwater) but includes the current integrated demands and future demands on resources, taking cognizance that utilization of all resources have an impact on the availability of the water resources.